Key Humanitarian Developments

A young boy picking a pomegranate fruit.

• A joint report by the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit for Somalia released on 3 September indicates an estimated 870,000 people will be in need of food aid from August to December 2013. The situation has significantly improved since 2011 when four million Somalis were in need of this aid.

• The recent figures also represent a continued improvement since January when an estimated 1,050,000 people were in crisis. Improvements are attributed to a near average July/August 2013 Gu harvest, increased livestock prices and herd sizes, improved milk availability, low prices of both local and imported staple food, higher purchasing power from income from labor and livestock sales, and sustained humanitarian interventions over the last six months.

• However, nearly 2.3 million additional people one-third of Somalia’s population , are classified as stressed and their food security remains fragile. This group of households may struggle to meet their own minimal food requirement through the end of the year, and they remain highly vulnerable to major shocks that could push them back to food security crisis.

• Critical levels of acute malnutrition persist in many parts of South Central Somalia and among Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). Nutrition survey results indicate that more than 206,000 children under the age of five are acutely malnourished. The decline is attributed to a general improvement in the socio-economic environment and continued humanitarian assistance.

Amal Elmi and her students at TUSMO Vocational Training Centre in Somaliland

• Despite an overall nearly average Gu grain harvest, an early end to the unevenly distributed March to June Gu rains led to a very

low harvest in agropastoral areas in Hiraan Region. Agropastoral households currently have no cereal stocks, and they are expected to fall into Crisis at some point between August and December.

• Many factors are likely to continue to lead to instability in the sources of food and income for IDPs.
Political instability, plans on eviction of IDPs from public buildings in Mogadishu and other towns in South-Central, and possible clan conflicts will likely leading to further displacements.

• The current number of the IDPs in Somalia estimated at 1.1 million people in July, but the number is likely to slightly increase and IDPs are likely to remain in either Crisis or Emergency as only limited improvements are expected between now and December.

Download Oxfam in Somalia Update.

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Written by Ngele Ali

Ngele Ali

Ngele is the regional information and comms officer for the Horn, East and Central Africa, based in Nairobi. Follow her on twitter @ngeleali

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