One year after the declaration of famine in Somalia, a quarter of the country’s population is still surviving on humanitarian aid and more than a million people could fall back into food crisis in the next two months, international agency Oxfam warned today. The agency is calling on the international community to increase investment in both emergency aid and long-term development so Somalis can sustain themselves through drought and conflict.
“In 2011 the world didn’t act until famine was declared, and the delay cost lives and money. Now, with the warning signs of a worsening crisis, lessons from last year must be learnt. Now is the time to invest in aid – both emergency relief to save lives and long-term support that helps people cope with these frequent crises,” said Senait Gebregziabher, Country Director for Oxfam.
Download new Oxfam briefing note:“You have been warned: One year on from famine, Somalia faces worsening food crisis”
According to Oxfam’s partners in Somalia, there has been a considerable improvement since last year’s famine, with the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance reduced from 3.7 million a year ago to 2.5 million today. However the ongoing conflict and poor rains of the past few months have affected people at a crucial time as they try to recover from last year’s famine, crop failure, death of livestock and destruction of livelihoods.
“Our partners confirm that some people are again slipping back into emergency. The farmers who live away from the rivers are the hardest hit, since their fields are far from irrigation. If we don’t act now, they say they are likely to go back into a deepening emergency in the next 60 days. We are currently coordinating an assessment in crisis areas as we hope to scale up programmes,” said Zachariah Imeje, Oxfam’s Associate Country Director.
With the harvest due to start across Somalia in the coming weeks, expectations are low after recent poor rains. Oxfam said donors and the international community must learn the lessons of last year’s crisis and increase investment now.
In order to break this cycle Oxfam says that programmes are needed to improve the water infrastructure, rehabilitate agriculture and build sustainable business, which have proven to reduce the effects of drought.
“Somalia needs more than a band aid; it needs sustained aid to build resilience, so these food crises don’t keep recurring,” said Gebregziabher. “The international community, donors and agencies that deliver aid in Somalia should implement projects that give Somalis the means to withstand future shocks, or we will continue to face these crises again and again.”
In addition to the food crisis, conflict resulted in the temporary suspension of some Oxfam-supported programmes in parts of the country, and delays in the delivery of humanitarian aid. While the conflict has caused changes to areas controlled by various armed groups, access remains difficult for aid agencies responding to the crisis.
To maintain access to crisis-hit communities, Oxfam continues to work in partnership with local Somali agencies to deliver humanitarian and development projects in affected areas.
- Since the UN declared the famine status in July of last year, Oxfam-supported programmes have benefitted more than 1.3 million Somalis. Emergency programmes have included water and sanitation, therapeutic feeding centres, direct cash relief, and agricultural support to farmers. In addition to emergency relief, Oxfam has supported projects to build resilience, such as borehole drilling in Lower Juba, rehabilitation of irrigation canals in Middle Shabelle, and rangeland management in Gacan Libaax in Somaliland.
- According to FEWSNET, the hardest hit areas will be the agro-pastoralist communities, such those in the Hiraan, Gedo, Bay and Lower Shabelle regions.